The sanctuary comprises the oldest mountain ranges - The Aravali. It was declared like a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1960. Apart from having numerous sightseeing places this sanctuary can be a draw for nature lovers because it has good possible for Eco-tourism, In form this sanctuary is long and narrow however the leading spreads out right into a picturesque plateau that is about 19 km. is length and 5-8 km. in breadth.
Attitudinally it varies from 300m. at the foot Mil to 1722m. at Gurashikhar, the highest peak with the Aravali Ranges. The rocks are igneous and because of the weathering effect of wind and water, significant cavities are common the rocks. This characteristic is common of Aravali and particularly of Mt. Abu. Toad Rock in Mount Abu is one these kinds of example.
Mount Abu features a incredibly rich floral biodiversity beginning with xenomorphic subtropical thorn forest at the foot hills to subtropical evergreen forest along drinking water courses and valleys at greater altitudes.
These forests include 112 plant families with 449 genera and 820 species. Of those, 663 species are dicots whilst 157 species are monocots. Mount Abu is the only location in Rajasthan exactly where one can observe a variety of orchids.
The location can also be wealthy in bryophytes and algae. Three species of wild roses and sixteen species of feras some of that are quite uncommon have also been reported from right here.
The South- West component from the Sanctuary is rich in bamboo forests. The sanctuary is rich in herbal medicinal plants also. About 81 species of tree, 89 species of shrubs, 28 species of climbers and 17 species of tuberous plants of medicinal significance have already been recognized.
A number of fauna Such as highly rare, threatened and endangered species are discovered in this sanctuary. The previous background of Mount Abu signifies the presence of Lion (final recorded in 1872) and Tiger (final noted in 1970).
Presently the Panther will be the apex predator. Other animals found listed here are Sambhar, Jungle Cat, Tiny Indian Civet, Wolf, Hyaena, Jackal, Indian Fox, Frequent Langoor, Wild Boar, Pangolin, Price!, Typical Mongoose, Indian Hare, Porcupine, Hedgehog, etc.
The sanctuary offers an perfect habitat for Sloth Bear, The population of Sloth Bear is increasing regularly because it could be seen though going via the forests or motoring about the road.